Each foreign child with a permanent or temporary resident status in Lithuania has the right for education. Children education in state schools is financed through a state budget.
The school education structure in Lithuania:
Pre-school education (2-5 years old);
Pre-primary education (6 years old);
Primary education (7-10 years old);
Lower Secondary education (11-16 years old);
Upper secondary education (17-19 years old).
Lithuania’s Pre-school education system provides opportunities for families in which both spouses work. It develops the child’s social and elementary skills like drawing and music. Pre-primary education nurtures math, writing, reading, music, drawing skills, etc.
School is obligatory from the age of 7 to the age of 16 or until the acquisition of the Lower Secondary education. Majority of schools belong to the state and a few are privately owned. At the state schools there is no tuition fee, and parents must only buy school supplies and pay for food. Parents may freely choose a state school for a child if there are vacant places in the selected school. A state school is required to ensure educational opportunities for each child who resides in the school’s residential area.
The state school admission process for foreigners is exactly the same as for Lithuanian citizens. A child should be registered at a school by the 1st of June; however, there are many cases when a foreign child starts school only in the middle of the school year (upon his family arrival to Lithuania). If a child does not know the Lithuanian language, he/she is educated in a special class or group until he/she can join a regular class. Parents should submit to the selected school an application for admission together with a copy of the child’s personal identification document or a birth certificate. If your child has already attended school, documents certifying education obtained abroad or in another school in Lithuania must also be presented. The school has also the right to ask for a copy of a residence permit.
The academic year usually starts on the 1st of September and lasts till June of the following year. It mainly consists of a study period and holidays, which include one week in autumn, two weeks at Christmas and one week in spring. The maximum number of lessons per week varies from 20 (grade 1) to 34 (grade 9). At Upper secondary schools the number of lessons may be 35 or greater.