Romania is located in the southeast of central Europe and has land borders with Moldavian Republic, Hungary, Serbia and water borders with Bulgaria and Ukraine. For an area of 224 km, Romania has an opening to the Black Sea.
Because many of Romania’s borders are defined by natural, sometimes shifting rivers, and because the Danube Delta is constantly expanding towards the sea, about 2-5 linear metres (6–16 ft) yearly, Romania’s surface area has changed over the past few decades, generally increasing.
Since you are not a Romanian, you probably didn’t hear too much about it, unless you are a football or a gymnastics fan, or unless you saw too many movies with vampires and you began to question their credibility. This presentation is an attempt to prove that Romania is not only a civilized country, but also one of the most amazing, though heavily underestimated European destinations.
It is impossible to describe Romania in a single phrase. Each attempt would be accompanied by a “but” intended to sketch a multi-faceted personality, aspects which continue to surprise even the locals: the Carpathians, Black Sea, Danube Delta, monasteries of Northern Moldavia, millenary traditions from Maramures, Transylvania, the famous wines, traditional cuisine and, most of all, the locals’ hospitality – all these mean Romania.
For the traveller Romania offers many things: the opportunity to see genuinely wonderful places, to meet wonderful people, to experience the last frontier-land in Europe. It is the type of experience that will accompany you for a lifetime.
Politics of Romania takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Romania is the head of the government and of a pluriform, multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Romania’s 1991 constitution, amended in 2003 proclaims Romania a democratic and social republic, deriving its sovereignty from the people. It also states “human dignity, civic rights and freedoms, the unhindered development of human personality, justice and political pluralism are supreme and guarantee values”.
The constitution provides for a President, a Parliament, a Constitutional Court and a separate system of lower courts that includes a Supreme Court. The right to vote is guaranteed to all citizens over 18 years of age.